Choosing the Right Type of Orthotics: A Guide for Patients

Whether they are custom made or bought off the shelf, orthotics are a great way to alleviate pain in your feet, knees, hips, back, and even your neck and shoulders. This is because they help to distribute weight evenly so that one foot or muscle is not carrying too much of the burden.

Additionally, orthotics can improve alignment and provide support to arches, which can prevent overpronation or supination, leading to a more stable and balanced gait. However, choosing the right type of orthotics for your specific needs can be a daunting task given the variety of options available in the market. Factors such as foot shape, the severity of your condition, and the activities you engage in regularly all play crucial roles in determining the most suitable orthotic for you. To make an informed decision, it’s essential to understand the different types of orthotics and their respective benefits. Read on to gain insights into selecting the perfect orthotics to address your discomfort and enhance your overall well-being.


Orthotics are used by doctors to help people with problems that affect the feet, ankles, and lower legs. They are often one part of a treatment plan that can also include things like more supportive shoes, physical therapy, and avoiding high impact activities.

Most Melbourne orthotics are designed to support, protect, or cushion areas of the foot that are painful or uncomfortable. They can also help with alignment and improve the way the lower leg moves. They can be soft or rigid and made from a variety of materials. Some are made from a combination of materials while others are designed for specific sports such as running or skating.

The type of orthotic you need will depend on your problem. Functional orthotics are designed to move the foot in more desirable positions, while accommodative ones relieve pressure by taking stress off the feet and redistributing it to other parts of the body. Rigid orthotics are made from hard materials such as plastic or graphite while softer orthotics are usually made from flexible or semi-flexible material.

Unlike store-bought inserts, custom orthotics come with a medical evaluation and a custom fit. They can be expensive, but they come with the peace of mind that you have a device specifically designed for you. Plus, they may be covered by your insurance.


Most people walk into a podiatry clinic with either a strong opinion about orthotics – they don’t want to get them or they must have them. This is usually based on their own experiences, what they’ve been told, or what they read online.

Orthotics can be a great tool to use for the treatment of a variety of foot problems and injuries so that more invasive treatments like surgery aren’t needed. They can help provide cushioning to reduce painful areas and alter the force working on the foot so that it can better align or function more efficiently.

Choosing the right type of pre-made orthotics for your needs is important. While off-the-shelf orthotics are available in most stores, there are many different types and sizes and it can be difficult to find the one that fits well. They can also vary in the amount of cushioning, support, and rigidity they offer.

Over-the-counter devices are designed for the ‘average’ foot and may have features like gel or memory foam padding and constructed arch supports. However, they do not address the specific dysfunctional biomechanics of your feet and will not provide the level of correction that custom molded orthotics can provide. If you’re interested in getting pre-made orthotics, a face-to-face consultation with a qualified provider is essential to make sure the device you choose will be able to meet your needs.


Choosing the right materials is central to making the best orthotics. Different thermoplastic materials can be used to tailor the device according to a patient’s specific needs and can have a major impact on the final device’s design, comfort, and function.

A patient’s activity level and lifestyle should influence the type of material used. For example, if a patient is a runner or a weekend warrior, they may need to choose a harder or more durable type of material. This will prevent the device from collapsing in the shoe, causing discomfort and potentially damaging the foot or ankle.

Rigid materials like plastic and carbon fiber are good for addressing biomechanical problems, such as overpronation. On the other hand, soft materials such as polyethylene and EVA foam are great for diabetic and arthritic patients who need a combination of rigidity and cushioning.

The bottom cover is also important, as it will determine how well the device fits into a shoe and prevent squeaking in the shoe. Generally, this is made from a waterproof or water-resistant fabric such as neoprene, marine-grade material, or even leather.


Whether you’re a runner, a hiker, or just someone who needs to stand for long periods, foot orthotics can help. The rigid braces stabilise the ankle and foot to reduce sway and improve balance, especially for people who are overweight. They can also help relieve the pain of foot conditions like plantar fasciitis, flat feet, or fallen arches.

However, it’s important to be careful when selecting a pair of orthotics. Those purchased at a store or kiosk are often generic and may not address your specific issue. Also, the material of the orthotic can have an effect on your comfort level. For instance, soft or cushioned orthotics tend to be more comfortable while firmer ones provide better support.

You can get orthotics from a podiatrist, who can assess your foot condition and advise you on the best type for you. He or she will ask about your symptoms, when they started and what makes them worse. They will then conduct a physical exam and look at your foot alignment.

The type of orthotic prescribed will depend on your condition and other factors, such as your shoe size and lifestyle. If you’re a runner, for example, your podiatrist may recommend a specific kind of orthotic to help reduce stress on the knees during running. In other cases, the orthotics will be designed to treat a particular foot complaint, such as heel pain or overpronation.

Selecting the right type of orthotics can significantly improve your comfort and overall well-being by alleviating pain and enhancing alignment. Whether you opt for custom-made orthotics or pre-made ones, it’s crucial to consider factors such as foot shape, condition severity, and lifestyle to ensure the best fit and functionality. To receive personalised guidance and professional assessment for your orthotic needs, book an appointment with Melbourne Podiatrists and Orthotics at Their experienced team can assist you in selecting the perfect orthotics tailored to your individual requirements, ensuring lasting relief and improved mobility.

Breaking Down the Stigma Around Mental Health and Therapy

Many people fear societal judgment as a barrier to mental health treatment. Promoting positive attitudes, challenging negative stereotypes and educating others about the benefits of therapy can help to break down these barriers.

Especially among certain communities or cultures, stigma can be even more challenging to overcome. This is often due to the expectation that men should mask their emotions and women should display traditional feminine traits.

1. Understand the Benefits

Many people do not realize that mental health and therapy are beneficial for a variety of situations. It is no longer viewed as a sign of weakness to seek out treatment, and it may even help you be more productive at work or in your relationships.

There are several different types of mental health therapy, including individual talk therapy and couples or family therapy, often conducted in person over extended periods. These sessions, beneficial for addressing personal problems, family or relationship conflicts, and negative emotions like depression, can greatly benefit from the expertise of a psychologist in Kensington.

Another type of therapy is interpersonal psychotherapy, which is used to treat underlying social issues. This therapy focuses on improving communication, helping the patient understand their emotions, and teaching them ways to improve their relationships with others. It can also help them find more healthy and effective ways to manage their stress levels and anxiety. In addition, it can help them overcome symptoms of depression and increase their energy levels. The therapist may use tools like mindfulness exercises and relaxation techniques during sessions.

2. Seek Support

When someone you care about is hesitant or scared to reach out for help, gently encourage them. This will let them know you respect their feelings and aren’t judging them. You can also explain how mental health conditions can impact all aspects of a person’s life and that treatment is proven to help.

Female psychologists in Adelaide offer a safe and confidential setting to explore a person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors. They can help a person learn coping skills and identify the relationship between their problems, behaviors and thoughts. Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, typically involves little risk and is a form of treatment for many common mental health conditions.

Educate yourself about the benefits of treatment, and find a qualified therapist. Ask your healthcare provider, a friend or family member for a referral, or contact your insurance company, which may have a list of providers available to its members. You can also search online or call a national advocacy or professional organization to find one near you. Many of these organizations have an app or resource for finding a mental health professional or support group.

3. Educate Others

Educating others about mental health can help them understand the seriousness of mental illnesses and how treatment is used. It can also make them aware of the options available, whether they be medication, therapy, or residential care facilities. When people have a better understanding, they are less likely to fear mental illness or feel stigmatized by it.

One way to educate others is by speaking out about your own experiences with mental health issues. This can be very empowering, and it can also help others see that they are not alone in their struggles. It is important to avoid using words like “crazy” or “insane.” Those labels can have damaging stigmas attached to them.

Mental health education is vital for everyone. Educators should make sure that students have access to mental health information, and they should be encouraged to speak with their teachers about any concerns. Studies show that if teens are educated on mental health, they will be more likely to seek treatment if they become ill. They can also get involved with local mental health organizations to find out more information about how they can support those around them.

4. Be Yourself

There is a lot of stigma around mental illness, including both social and self-perceived stigma. Educating yourself about the different types of stigmas and stereotypes that exist can help you to take action against them.

Oftentimes, the most effective way to combat stigma is to stand up for those who are suffering from it. If you see someone being discriminated against due to their mental health condition, speak up and challenge the negative attitudes that they are exhibiting.

Another way to combat stigma is to educate others about the benefits of therapy. Many people assume that seeking therapy is a reaction to crises or severe mental health issues, when in reality it is a proactive step towards personal enhancement and well-being.

Stigma can have serious implications for mental health, such as reluctance to seek treatment and poor outcomes for those who do. It can also impact political enthusiasm for mental health, charitable fundraising and support of local services and may lead to lower funding for research into mental health conditions relative to other medical conditions.

5. Get Help

Despite the stigma, mental health issues and disorders are more common than many people realize. They are just as real as physical ailments, such as diabetes or heart disease.

While it can be helpful to talk with friends and family, a therapist is uniquely trained to help you work through emotional struggles. There are many resources for finding a professional, including online tools and your health insurance provider’s list of providers.

Therapy is also effective when used in conjunction with other treatment methods, such as medication or support groups. It can help you understand the root causes of your problems and learn how to make healthy changes in your thoughts and behaviors. This type of treatment is called psychotherapy and is typically carried out by psychologists, psychiatric nurse practitioners or social workers.

If you or a loved one is experiencing a mental health crisis, call 911 or your local mobile crisis response team. These teams are specially trained to intervene and provide immediate help for a person who is in danger of hurting themselves or others.

The Role of Sports Physiotherapy in Athlete Wellness

In a world where milliseconds are the difference between winning and losing, preventing sports injuries is crucial for athletes. Seeing a sports physical therapist can help strengthen the body against injury, turning potential setbacks into opportunities for growth and resilience.

Sports physical therapists can assess an athlete’s body for potential risk factors and create customized training plans to minimize injury risk. This includes ensuring that athletes are properly warmed up, using proper safety equipment, and doing proper cool-down exercises.

Physical Therapy

Specific Physiotherapy can help a player overcome many types of injuries. They are trained to examine the body, identify the cause of pain, and promote healing measures that will allow the player to return to their sport at a higher level. With Specific Physiotherapy techniques, they can also help the athlete avoid future injuries by teaching them proper techniques.

Regardless of the sport, athletes are at risk of injury. They can suffer from acute injuries, such as a sprained ankle or knee, or chronic conditions, such as arthritis or a concussion. Often, these injuries are the result of overuse or repetitive stress on the body.

Sports physiotherapy is different from musculoskeletal physiotherapy, which is geared towards general aches and pains in the muscles and bones. It takes a more forward-thinking approach to sport performance enhancement, with treatment methods like real-time ultrasound for muscle activation and clinical Pilates classes for movement rehabilitation and strengthening.

Professional athletes require a lot of motivation, routines, and physical activity to stay healthy. Athletes in contact sports, such as boxing, must develop physiques that can withstand the heavy physical stress of matches and maintain their strength after competitions. A specialized physical therapist can help them reach their full potential by strengthening ligaments and joints, as well as by promoting the recovery of energy levels after each match.

Performance Enhancement

In addition to treating injuries, sports physiotherapy also aims to prevent them from happening in the first place. This is done through a variety of methods, such as helping athletes understand how to avoid common injuries through proper training techniques and ensuring that they are properly conditioned for their chosen sport. For example, a sports therapist can help an athlete to improve their landing mechanics when jumping or to perfect their sidestepping technique to reduce the risk of knee injuries.

Both musculoskeletal and sports physiotherapy are committed to aiding patients in their recovery, but sports physiotherapy has a more forward-thinking approach. This is because it is focused on preventing sports injuries by utilising a wide range of specialised methods. These include real-time ultrasound for muscle activation, personalised training programs and clinical Pilates classes to strengthen muscles and enhance movement.

Whether you are an elite athlete or a weekend warrior, a sports physiotherapy in Preston can be invaluable to your wellness and performance. Physiotherapists have the expertise and knowledge to help you prevent injury and get you back in the game as quickly as possible. If you have a question about sports physiotherapy or would like to book an appointment, contact us today!

Injury Prevention

Injuries are a frequent side effect of playing sports. Sports physical therapists work to proactively lower the risk of injuries by helping athletes stay healthy and in peak condition. They may also offer strategies for managing stress and improving nutrition and hydration.

A major part of injury prevention involves evaluating pre-season examinations, which help determine an athlete’s readiness to participate in training or competition. This evaluation is critical to identifying a player’s areas of weakness and devising strategies to keep them healthy throughout the season.

Besides preventing injuries, sports physical therapists also provide treatments for existing injuries. This includes providing pain management techniques such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercises and electrical stimulation. In addition, they offer rehabilitation techniques for enhancing muscle strength and coordination. They also teach athletes proper exercise technique and equipment use to prevent injuries in the future.

Some common sports injuries include sprains and strains, which occur in the ligaments and muscles. They are caused by sudden movements that strain the tissues. Injuries involving bones and joints are more serious, and these usually require surgery to heal.

Mental Health

When athletes are injured, the pain and discomfort can cause emotional distress. Many times, this can lead to depression. Managing mental health and wellbeing is an integral part of sports physiotherapy. Developing and maintaining a strong mind-body connection is crucial for athletes to perform at their best, especially when they are recovering from injuries or illnesses that can impact their performance.

In addition to physical therapy, a sports physiotherapist can help an athlete with mental health and wellbeing by helping them to manage stress, deal with trauma, and address anxiety or mood disorders. In fact, a growing body of research has focused on the prevalence of mental health issues among elite athletes culminating in an International Olympic Committee consensus statement on mental health in elite sport.

Despite the importance of addressing mental health issues in athletes, there are still barriers to help-seeking behavior. The most common barriers include negative attitudes towards help-seeking, poor mental health literacy, and fear of the consequences of seeking help (e.g., losing selection for the team).

One way to address these barriers is through collaborative programming. The coach, athletic trainers and the team physician should work together to ensure that students are aware of the services available and how to access them. Additionally, they should do everything they can to demystify mental health issues and allow student-athletes to understand that signs of psychological and psychiatric concerns are as important to recognize and treat as those related to injury or illness.

Heel Pain Podiatry Explained

Heel pain can be debilitating and should never be ignored. The best way to ensure accurate diagnosis and effective treatment is to consult a board certified podiatrist or foot specialist.

A podiatrist will take a detailed history and perform a thorough exam. He or she may order x-rays, an MRI or ultrasound for further diagnostic testing.


The most common cause of heel pain is damage to the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that connects your heel bone to your toes. This can be caused by overuse (running or standing for long periods of time), a sudden increase in activity, wearing shoes with poor support, having tight calf muscles or being overweight. A heel spur (a bony growth on the bottom of your heel) can also be a cause of pain.

Less common causes of heel pain include tarsal tunnel syndrome (compression of the posterior tibial nerve as it passes through the arch of your foot), calcaneal stress fracture, calcaneal apophysitis (irritation of the growth plate in the back of your heel) and Sever’s disease (a condition in active kids 8 to 14 that occurs when the Achilles tendon becomes irritated by repetitive running and jumping). If you’re experiencing achilles tendon pain in Adelaide, it’s essential to seek proper diagnosis and treatment.

To diagnose your heel pain, podiatrist will examine your foot, check for areas of tenderness and take X-rays. This will help them find the source of your heel pain and rule out other problems such as a stress fracture or arthritis. They may also order an MRI or ultrasound, which can show soft tissue injuries that X-rays don’t pick up. We can then work with your primary care doctor, physical therapists and holistic specialists to develop the best treatment plan for you.


Getting an accurate diagnosis is essential for effective treatment. If the underlying cause is not properly addressed, the pain can worsen, significantly impairing your quality of life.

The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis – damage or inflammation to the tight tissue ‘band’ that connects the heel bone to the base of the toes. It often occurs after an increase in exercise activity or intensity, sudden stretching of the foot or ankle, excessive weight or wearing poorly fitting shoes. Tight calf muscles or high arches can also contribute to heel pain.

A proper diagnosis is based on careful patient history, physical exam and diagnostic testing to rule out other etiologies. In some cases, it is necessary to have blood work done (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anti-CCP antibodies and rheumatoid factor) to help determine if the symptoms are being caused by an inflammatory condition.

During the physical exam, the podiatrist will check the foot and ankle for tenderness, swelling, redness, bruising or a change in shape of the ankle or heel. They will also press on the bottom of the heel and move your foot and ankle around to see if there are any restrictions or if there is pain in certain positions. In some cases, an imaging test may be necessary for a closer inspection of the internal structures. If you’re experiencing discomfort related to your foot or ankle, consider consulting a specialist for expert evaluation and personalized treatment.


A podiatrist can identify the cause of heel pain by talking to you and examining your foot and ankle. They will check your heel for swelling, tenderness, bruising, rash and other abnormalities. They will also gently move your foot and ankle and push (palpate) on different areas of your heel to see where the pain is located.

Your podiatrist will recommend treatment for the specific condition causing your heel pain. This may include resting your feet as much as possible, icing them for 10 to 15 minutes three or four times a day and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen. In some cases, your podiatrist will provide you with special shoe inserts or orthotic devices that support the foot to relieve heel pain in the long term.

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain, caused when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed. The plantar fascia is the longest ligament in your body and is responsible for absorbing most of the shock from walking, running and jumping. You can feel it if you run your finger along the bottom of your foot, across the arch, it’s a thin band of rope-like connective tissue. It can withstand up to 30 times your body weight. In more severe cases, your podiatrist will use plantar fasciitis Eastwood, SA treatment into the area of the fascia to help alleviate pain.


The good news is that heel pain typically responds well to at-home treatment. A foot and ankle doctor can help patients understand the condition and find a comprehensive plan for managing it.

The most important preventative steps involve reducing the amount of stress on the feet. This means wearing the right shoes for physical activity and replacing them regularly. It also means taking breaks from high-impact activities, such as running and jumping, to let the feet recover. Excess weight is another factor that increases the risk of developing a heel problem, such as plantar fasciitis, because it adds to the load placed on the feet.

If you do experience heel pain, it’s a good idea to see a podiatrist for an evaluation. Your foot and ankle specialist will perform a physical exam, ask questions about your symptoms, and take X-rays to determine what’s causing the pain in your heels.

Some types of heel pain are caused by overuse and can be prevented with the right footwear, such as shoes that cradle your heels, have plenty of room for your toes to move, and provide good arch support. It’s also important to warm up and stretch before exercise or physical activity, and to gradually increase the intensity and duration of activities over time. Ice packs can also help reduce inflammation. A simple home ice pack can be made by wrapping a towel around a plastic bag filled with ice and applying it to the heel 3 or 4 times a day for 15 to 20 minutes at a time.